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Useful links

We have made a list over related energy projects, energy models, and other good stuff


REBECa - Renewable Energy in the transport sector using Biofuels as Energy Carriers

The project is funded by the Strategic Research Council. Program Committee for Energy and Environment in Denmark.
(Original title: Renewable energy in the transport sector using biofuels as energy carriers.)
7 danish institutes participate in the project


Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment

ENEA is a public agency operating in the fields of energy, the environment and new technologies to support Country's competitiveness and sustainable development.
The Agency's activities are carried out in the following four areas:
    * Clean Energy
    * Technologies for the Territory
    * Technologies for the Future
    * Advanced Tecnology Applications.

Furthemore it has been attributed important functions for the Country by an ad hoc law or thanks to its scientific and technical leadership.


A danish energy research project funded by the Danish Council for Strategic Research and running from Januar 2007 until December 2010.
"CEESA integrates existing energy and environmental analysis tools in a unique way. Through a combination of life cycle assessment and energy system and market analysis methodologies, the project is able to meet three of the major challenges of future sustainable energy systems:

   1. how to integrate the transport sector,
   2. how to develop future power systems suitable for the integration of distributed renewable energy sources, and
   3. how to develop public regulation in an international market environment.

The aim is to achieve a 100% renewable energy system. The project identifies which ways to follow in order to achieve this goal."

Nordic Energy Research

"The Nordic Region shall be able to consolidate and develop its position as a leading knowledge region for new, environment-friendly energy solutions and efficient and well-functioning energy markets. Nordic Energy Research’s goal is to be conducive in maximising the results of energy-related research and development in the Nordic Region and their adjacent areas."


"A GIS-based modelling system for estimation of traffic-related air quality and human exposure. It was developed for application in Danish air pollution epidemiological studies, human exposure studies, as well as urban air quality assessment and management. It has been developed by the National Environmental Research Institute in Denmark."


"As independent and customer-oriented research organisation, VITO provides innovative technological solutions as well as scientifically based advice and support in order to stimulate sustainable development and reinforce the economic and social fabric of Flanders."


"The overall goals of ACCENT are to promote a common European strategy for research on atmospheric composition sustainability, to develop and maintain durable means of communication and collaboration within the European scientific community, to facilitate this research and to optimise the interactions with policy-makers and the general public."


"was funded by the European Commission Programme Quality of Life and Management of Living Resources (QoL), Key Action 4 - Environment and Health (Contract number: QLRT-2001-00441). AIRNET started on the 1st of January 2002 and has been completed by 1st of January 2005"


Air Pollution in a Life Time Health Perspective

"Danish Centre of Excellence on Air Pollution and Health 2004-2008. AIRPOLIFE is a new Centre of Excellence devoted to the study and prevention of health effects of air pollution. AIRPOLIFE will characterise health risks related to air pollution in a lifetime perspective with focus on generation of new knowledge for understanding mechanisms, risk assessment and prevention."


International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

"is an international research organization. It conducts inter-disciplinary scientific studies on environmental, economic, technological, and social issues in the context of human dimensions of global change."
IIASA projects: Dynamic systems , Atmospheric Pollution Programme



"is an EU 6th Framework Programme for years 2004-2007. The project brings together the key research funding organisations in all EU Member States around the Baltic Sea and Russia with the aim is to form a network and partnership of key agencies funding research with the aim to deepen the understanding of conditions for science-based management of environmental issues in the Baltic Sea. BONUS operates in close connection with the scientific and management actors."

EU Projects to improve Public Health knowledge on extreme weather/heat waves: risks and responses

A list of EU projects on health-costs related to extreme weather conditions.Focusing on the lats decades heatwaves. The web-page is located on the the European Commisions web-site, which also contain information on health strategies and projects under the commision and in the European countries.

European Environment and Health Strategy

"The Commission's Environment and Health Strategy acknowledges the need for closer cooperation between the health, environment and research areas.  
The European Environment and Health Strategy was jointly published by the Directorates-General of Environment, Health and Research and the Joint Research Centre. It has a long-term vision seeking to address the links between poor health and environmental problems, and to "reduce diseases linked to environmental factors".
It builds upon the aims of the Commission's Sixth Environment Action Programme. A specific target of this plan is that levels of pollution in Europe should not give rise to deleterious effects on human or environmental health."

Quantifying environmental health impacts

"The environmental burden of disease quantifies the amount of disease caused by environmental risks.

Additional information required for the rational development of policies by the health sector and activities of other sectors which directly manage or influence the determinants of health includes:

  • the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions
  • the availability of resources, and
  • the type of policy environment.

Disease burden can be expressed in Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALY), combining the burden due to death and disability in a single index. Using such an index permits the comparison of the burden due to various environmental risk factors with other risk factors or diseases."

Quantifying environmental health impacts is a  programme under WHO. See more links to information about WHO's work on healt


Externalities of Energy.

"The ExternE project, a research project of the European Commission, is the first comprehensive attempt to use a consistent 'bottom-up' methodology to evaluate the external costs associated with a range of different fuel cycles"

A terminated EU project which lasted over five years from 1991 to 1995. The principles of ExternE has made a basis for assesment of airpollution and related costs in CEEH.

See a list of more recent projects:  "the ExternE project series"


is an integrated model under ExternE with the objective:

" to provide a tool supporting a standardised calculation of fuel cycle externalities, to integrate relevant models into a single system, to provide a comprehensive set of relevant input data for the whole of Europe, to enable the transparent presentation of intermediate and final results, and to support easy modification of assumptions for sensitivity analysis."


New Energy Externalities Development for sustainabillity.

"The ultimate objective of the NEEDS Integrated Project is to evaluate the full costs and benefits (i.e. direct + external) of energy policies and of future energy systems, both at the level of individual countries and for the enlarged EU as a whole."

Is following ExternE. Running over four years from 09/2004 to 09/2008. Poul Erik Gronheit from the System Analysis Department of RISØ is taking part in the project.

The NEEDS homepage has a list over other energy externality projects

New Ext

New Elements for the Assessment of External Costs from Energy Technologies
Project financed by the European Union, DG Research, Technological Development and Demonstration (RTD)

Final report (2004)


Clean Air For Europe

CAFE's objectives are:

  • to develop, collect and validate scientific information on the effects of air pollution (including validation of emission inventories, air quality assessment, projections, cost-effectiveness studies and integrated assessment modelling);
  • to support the correct implementation and review the effectiveness of existing legislation and to develop new proposals as and when necessary;
  • to ensure that the requisite measures are taken at the relevant level, and to develop structural links with the relevant policy areas;
  • to develop an integrated strategy (by 2004 at the latest, see below "Related Acts") to include appropriate objectives and cost-effective measures. The objectives of the first programme phase are: particulate matter, tropospheric ozone, acidification, eutrophication and damage to cultural heritage;
  • to disseminate the information gathered during the programme among the general public.
CAFE documents


Economic Value of Air Pollution.

EVA is a non-linear Eulerian approach for assessment of health-cost externalities of air pollution. Uses the principles of ExternE.
EVA is in use at NERI, who is a partner in CEEH. A optimization of EVA is within the CEEH work program.


TIMES Integrated Assesment model.

Is an ecomomical model for future energy scenarios. TIAM is build on the TIMES energy model and takes into account the cost related to assesment of the Kyoto protocol. In CEEH we will use global scale model output from TIAM as boundary conditions in a regional energy optimization. More information on TIAM can be obtained in the ETSAP newsletter Vol 10, no. 4 June 2007


Renewable Energy Supply 2020. Is a project with the aim of analysing the present as well as the future situation with respect to implementation of renewable energy until year 2020 in Europe, using the TIMES energy model. Poul Erik Grohnheit, from Risø Denmark is taking part in the project.


Integrated Assessment of Global Warming and its Mitigation Technologies in the Changing World Economy and Industry (PHOENIX). Blev præsenteret ved IEW-2007 workshoppen af Professor Shunsuke MORI fra Tokyo University of Science. Projektet finder sted på Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth.
The project take into account a long series of externalities on a global scale. Among these a environmental effects from climate change, however the project has no particular focus on airpollution.


Impacts of climate change in Europe.

"The objective of the PESETA project (Projection of Economic impacts of climate change in Sectors of the European Union based on boTtom-up Analysis) is to make a multi-sectoral assessment of the impacts of climate change in Europe for the 2011-2040 and 2071-2100 time horizons.

The value-added from the PESETA project relies on the following issues:

  • Policy-relevant time horizon: 2020s, in addition to the 2080s.
  • Use of high-resolution scenario data.
  • Consistent climatic and socio-economic framework across sectoral assessments.
  • Use of state-of-the-art climate impact modelling tools.
  • Use of a common impact metric (monetary) to aid decision-making."
The scientific goals and organization of the Peseta project is very similar CEEH. O. B. Christensen fra DMI is a member of the Peseta Advisory Board.

Environment Canada

Is a Canadian counterpart to the Danish Environment Protection Agency. The homepage of Environment Canada contains a lot of good reading about energy, environment and health.
In particular a page about air pollution

And the following interesting newsletters:

Regulatory Framework

Cost of Bill C-288 to Canadian Families and Business:  


"Founded in 1967 to address air pollution problems from New England power plants, NESCAUM has since grown considerably in scope and mission.  New York joined NESCAUM in 1970 and New Jersey in 1979.  Today, NESCAUM addresses the entire spectrum or air quality issues:  mercury contamination, diesel exhaust, climate change, energy efficiency, cleaner cars and fuels, environmental justice, new and more effective regulatory policies, to name just a few."

NESCAUM is a five year project running to the end of 2009. Has major focus on air pollution. See more about air pollution on Nescaum' homepage

See more about Nescaum climate and energy team

Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (MNP)

"We provide independent integrated assessments on such topics such as sustainable development, energy and climate change, biodiversity, transport, land use and air quality.....MNP functions as an interface between science and policy. From our position at the centre of national and global knowledge networks, we supply both the Dutch government  and international organisations (e.g.  EEA, UN, OECD and the World Bank) with sound, evidence-based assessments on core issues of environmental importance.

Some questions that  MNP considers are:

  • How polluted are the Netherlands, Europe and the world, and what are the implications and prospects for people, plants and animals?  What is the fate of nature?  
  • What is the environmental role in economic and social developments, both nationally and internationally?  What does climate change mean for the Netherlands and the rest of the world?  
  • What are governments doing to protect nature and the environment?  Are they doing enough?  What does it cost?  Where can improvements be made?  How effective are they?  
  • What factors contribute to sustainable development and in what dimension (socio-cultural, ecological or economic)?"
MNP is a dutch counterpart to the danish National Environmental Research Institute. MNP has a certain focus on airquality.


"The model is a world energy systems model of intertemporal optimization type, where the world energy systems cost between 2000 and 2050 is minimized. It has 77 world divided regions and the interregional transportation for natural gas, oil, coal, etc. are taken into account."

DNE21+ is an energy model used by Japanese energy modellers to predict the future global energy scenarios.

Innovation Centre Denmark

Located in Palo Alto, California. The centre has hosted a workshop about renewable energy forms in relation to a danish californian energycollaboration about renewable energy.
On their holepage can be found a report about danish energy strategies.
Read also about Jytte Boll Illerup' work on DMU on modelling future greenhouse gas emissions.

Dato: 10-Nov-2009